“Architecture arises out of our need to shelter the human animal in a spatial environment and to enclose the social animal in a group space. In this sense architecture serves our institutions and expresses the values of our culture.” - Robert L. Geddes

Pender Labs, Moore School of Electrical Engineering, University of Pennsylvania

Pender Labs, Moore School of Electrical Engineering, University of Pennsylvania

Photo Credit: Athenaeum of Philadelphia, Lawrence Williams Inc. Collection, Local ID#:77133-A

Philadelphia Police Headquarters

Philadelphia Police Headquarters

Photo Credit: By Beyond My Ken, GFDL

Writings, Interviews, and Lectures

  • View PDFIn Search of Architecture For Emerging Problems

    Interview by John Fenton. University: Princeton Quarterly, June 1967, pp. 34-41.

  • The Forest Edge

    Architectural Design, 52, November/December, 1982, pp. 2-23.

  • View PDFThe Nature of the Built Environment

    Progressive Architecture, June 1974.

  • View PDFTheory In Practice 1 and 2

    Architectural Forum, October and November 1972.

  • View PDFThe Responsibilities (and joy) of Architecture

    Interview by Diane Hempel. University: Princeton Quarterly, Summer 1974.

  • View PDFThe Impetus To Build: On the Ethic and Aesthetic of Architecture

    Christian Science Monitor, August 1977.

  • View PDFPossibilities In Architecture

    Architectural Record, November 1977.

  • View PDFPrinciples and Precedents: 1. Place and Time 2. People and Buildings 3. Technical Odyssey

    Process Architecture, Tokyo 62, 1985.

  • View PDFKahn and the Civic Realm

    Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt Institute, Museum of Modern Art, New York July 28, 1992.

  • View PDFThe Philadelphia School of Architecture: Harold Pender Laboratory (1958-2003)

    The Philadelphia Architect, September 2003.

  • View PDFSecond Thoughts: Reflections On Winning Second Prize

    Building a Masterpiece: the Sydney Opera House, Sydney: Powerhouse Museum, 2006.

  • Visit LinkFit: An Architect’s Manifesto

    Princeton University Press, 2012.

  • View PDFMake it NEW. Make it FIT

    Lecture given by Robert Geddes at the Institute for Advanced Study organized by DOCOMOMO, April 5, 2014.

  • Notes on the Aims of Architecture

    Lecture at the School of Architecture, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, April 25,1965.

  • Outside, Inside, and Time

    Dedication Lecture of the Muhlenberg College Library. Muhlenberg College, Allentown, Pennsylvania, 1989.


  • View PDFA Complicated Modernity: Philadelphia Architectural Design 1945-1980

    Clendenin Malcolm, Introduction Emily T. Cooperman. Preserve Philadelphia!, The Preservation Alliance for Greater Philadelphia, July 2009.

  • View PDFWhat Happened To The Social Agenda?

    Glazer, Nathan, The American Scholar, March 1, 2007.

  • The Architecture of the United States

    Kidder Smith, G.E. New York: The Museum of Modern Art, 1981, volume 1, p. 382.

  • Buildings and Ideas

    Martin, Leslie, Cambridge University Press, 1983, p. 15.

  • View PDFArchitecture at Princeton: Reflecting on 17 years at Princeton

    Merritt, James, Princeton Weekly Bulletin, March 29, 1982.

  • View PDFRobert Geddes

    Schmertz, Mildred, Contemporary Architects, edited by Muriel Emanuel and Dennis Sharpe, New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1980.

  • View PDFYes, Virginia, There Really WAS a Philadelphia School

    Smith, Sandy, Philadelphia Magazine, April 6, 2017.

  • Design Competitions

    Spreiregen, Paul, New York: McGraw Hill, 1979.

  • Complexity and Contradiction in Architecture

    Venturi, Robert, New York: The Museum of Modern Art, 1966, p. 20 and note 6.

  • View PDFSydney Opera House: The Designs That Didn’t Make It

    The Guardian, February 9, 2019

GBQC Architects

  • View PDFAIA’s Firm of the Year award goes to GBQC

    Memo: Newsletter of the American Institute of Architects, January 30, 1979.

  • View PDFOffice Profile: Geddes Brecher Qualls Cunningham: Architects

    Architecture New Jersey, Vol. II, no 4. 1978

  • View PDFProfile: The 1979 Firm Award Winner

    AIA Journal, February 1979, pp. 28-35.